Stock Exchanges Around the World (2024)

Approximately 55,214 companies are now traded publicly throughout the world as of December 2023 (latest data), a 1.9% decrease year-over-year.

The U.S. still has the largest exchange in the world, but many of the largest exchanges now reside in Asia, which continues to grow in influence on the world stage. Below is an overview of some of the largest exchanges in the world.

Key Takeaways

  • There are approximately 55,214 listed companies worldwide as of December 2023.
  • Though the Americas and Europe have large numbers of listed companies, significant growth comes from Asia.
  • The largest stock exchange in the world is the New York Stock Exchange.
  • Other large stock exchanges include the Nasdaq, the National Stock Exchange of India, the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the Singapore Stock Exchange, and the Shanghai Stock Exchange.

1. The New York Stock Exchange

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is part of the Intercontinental Exchange, which has exchanges and clearing houses worldwide. The NYSE is the largest stock exchange in the world with a market capitalization of $25.56 trillion as of December 2023.

The NYSE has been around since 1792 and it is believed that Bank of New York, which is now part of Bank of New York Mellon, was the first stock traded. The ringing of the NYSE bell at the start and end of the day is a common occurrence in today's media.

The business has grown incredibly competitive. The exchange competes for the listings of cash equities, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), structured products, futures, options, and other derivatives.

2. The Tokyo Stock Exchange

The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is now part of the Japan Exchange Group (JPX), which combined the Tokyo Stock Exchange, the Osaka Securities Exchange, and the Tokyo Commodity Exchange. JPX is the fifth-largest exchange in the world with a market cap of $6.15 trillion as of December 2023. Around 3,930 firms were listed on the TSE at the end of 2023.

The TSE was estimated to have first opened in 1878. The Nikkei 225 index is one of the primary and most popular indexes that represent some of the largest and most successful firms in Japan.

3. The London Stock Exchange

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) has dropped in size, with the LSE Group now the ninth-largest exchange in the world with a market cap of $3.42 trillion as of September 2023. Its estimated founding was 1801, or nearly a decade following the opening of the NYSE.

The number of companies trading on the LSE has been dropping significantly and steadily. As of Q2 2023, 1,908 companies are trading on the exchange, down from 3,305 in Q4 2007. There are a whole host of factors for this occurrence, such as pension managers moving from stocks to government debt, Brexit, increased private equity funding, the lack of liquidity, and the adverse regulatory environment.

4. The National Stock Exchange of India

The National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) has a market cap of $4.3 trillion as of December 2023 and 2,370 listed companies. It surpassed the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in size for the first time in 2023. The NSE was founded in 1992 and was the first exchange in India to offer electronic or screen trading, in 1994. India's other important stock market is the BSE, formerly the Bombay Stock Exchange.

5. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange

The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is one of the top 10 largest stock exchanges. The firms that are listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange represent $3.97 trillion in total market capitalization as of December 2023. Over 2,500 companies are listed on the exchange as of January 25, 2024. Most importantly, the exchange represents one of the primary avenues for global investors to invest in China.

6. The Shanghai Stock Exchange

The Shanghai Stock Exchange is one of the newest in the world. It opened in late 1990, and 2,853 companies are listed on it as of December 2023. A major restriction is that A-shares of Chinese companies are only available to citizens living in China; however, H-shares of Chinese companies are listed on the Hong Kong Exchange and are open to global investors.

What Is the Largest Stock Exchange in the World?

The largest stock exchange in the world by market cap of listed companies is the New York Stock Exchange. The second-largest is the Nasdaq. Both are based in New York City.

How Many Stock Exchanges Are There in the World?

As of 2023, there are approximately 80 major stock exchanges in the world. These exchanges are spread across the globe, including North America, South America, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, South-East Asia, and Australia.

Which Is the Oldest Stock Exchange in the World?

The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is thought to be the oldest in the world, dating back to 1602. The first public company ever was the Dutch East India Company.

The Bottom Line

Almost every region in the world has stock exchanges where companies can list their shares in order to raise capital for a variety of purposes, such as fueling growth and servicing operations. Investors in turn can purchase the shares of these companies with the hopes of making a profit on the appreciation of share prices.

Stock Exchanges Around the World (2024)

FAQs

How many stock exchanges are there in the world? ›

There are 60 major global stock exchanges that range in size and trading volume – from the New York Stock Exchange to tiny local exchanges.

What are the top 3 biggest stock exchanges? ›

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the largest stock exchange in the world, with an equity market capitalization of over 28 trillion U.S. dollars as of March 2024. The following three exchanges were the NASDAQ, the Euronext, and the Japan Exchange Group.

Is the United States the only country with stock exchanges? ›

Apart from the Australian Securities Exchange, these 16 exchanges are all in North America, Europe, or Asia. By country, the largest stock markets as of January 2022 are in the United States of America (about 59.9%), followed by Japan (about 6.2%) and United Kingdom (about 3.9%).

Who is the no. 1 share market in the world? ›

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the world's largest stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, New York City, USA. NYSE has a market capitalisation of $26.2 trillion (world's biggest stock exchange) and has more than 2400 companies listed.

What is the richest stock exchange in the world? ›

1. New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), USA. With a market capitalisation of US$26.2 trillion, the NYSE is the world's largest stock exchange. The NYSE is one of the oldest stock exchanges that was established in 1792 and has more than 2,400 listed companies.

What is the largest international stock exchange? ›

The largest stock exchange in the world is the New York Stock Exchange. Other large stock exchanges include the Nasdaq, the National Stock Exchange of India, the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the Singapore Stock Exchange, and the Shanghai Stock Exchange.

Who owns the NASDAQ? ›

NASDAQ stands for National Association of Security Dealers Automated Quotations and is owned and operated by NASDAQ Inc. NASDAQ Inc. is the parent organization to the NASDAQ stock exchange.

What is the most traded stock market in the world? ›

New York Stock Exchange. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is Established in 1792. The NYSE is the world's most valuable stock exchange by market capitalization and is found in New York City with companies representing many industries listed there.

What is the oldest stock exchange in the world? ›

(currently called Euronext Amsterdam) is the world's oldest and first stock exchange. It was the first exchange of its kind to trade in securities instead of commodities. The States General of the Netherlands gave the Dutch East India Company a 21-year charter over all Dutch trade in Asia and quasi-governmental powers.

Which country has no stock exchange? ›

List of countries without a stock exchange
CountryContinent
North KoreaAsia
PalauOceania
SamoaOceania
San MarinoEurope
23 more rows

What is the largest stock in the world? ›

Microsoft

Which country has the best stock market? ›

Ranking
Country / TerritoryTotal market cap (in mil. US$)Total market cap (% of GDP)
United States25,465,78994.5
China10,889,31865.1
Japan5,474,985126.7
India5,000,000120
90 more rows

Who is the richest person in the world share market? ›

1. Warren Buffett: Warren Buffett is the CEO and chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, and he is one of the Top 10 Richest Investors in the World. His success can be seen through his unique strategies and approaches to investing.

Who was the king of stock market? ›

Rakesh Radheyshyam Jhunjhunwala (5 July 1960 – 14 August 2022) was an Indian billionaire investor, stock trader, and Chartered Accountant. He began investing in 1985 with a capital of ₹5,000, with his first major profit in 1986.

Which is the most profitable share in the world? ›

  • #1 Apple Inc.
  • #2 Microsoft Corp.
  • #3 Alphabet Inc.
  • #4 Ind. and Comm. Bank of China.
  • #5 ExxonMobil Corp.
  • #6 JPMorgan.
  • #7 China Construction Bank.
  • #8 Agricultural Bank of China.

How many exchanges are there in the US market? ›

Currently, there are 13 stock market exchanges in the US. Two major ones are NASDAQ and NYSE.

How many exchanges have a value of 1 trillion or more? ›

There are 16 exchanges that are a part of the “$1 Trillion Dollar Club” with more than $1 trillion in market capitalization. This elite group, with familiar names such as the NYSE, Nasdaq, LSE, Deutsche Borse, TMX Group, and Japan Exchange Group, comprise 87% of the world's total value of equities.

How many stock exchanges does China have? ›

Chinese Stock Exchanges may refer to the three main stock exchanges in mainland China: Beijing Stock Exchange. Shanghai Stock Exchange. Shenzhen Stock Exchange.

What is the difference between the Nasdaq and the NYSE? ›

The NYSE is an auction market, where investors buy and sell to each other through an auction. The Nasdaq is a dealer market, meaning participants trade through a dealer. Cost. The Nasdaq has lower listing fees than the NYSE, ranging from $55,000 to $80,000 for its lowest Capital Market tier.

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